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FDA-iRISK (Journal of Food Protection)
A Comparative Risk Assessment System for Evaluating and Ranking Food-Hazard Pairs: Case Studies on Microbial Hazards
Supplemental Materials for Journal of Food Protection Article
Produce Consumption in the United States
An Analysis of Consumption Frequencies, Serving Sizes, Processing Forms, and High-Consuming Population Subgroups for Microbial Risk Assessments
A great variety of fruits and vegetables are available in the United States. These items are produced in various geographic regions by a diverse industry. Produce has been increasingly identified as a vehicle for disease outbreaks. Changes in consumption may explain this increase, but analyses of produce consumption are limited. Comprehensive assessments of the public health risks associated with produce depend on quantitative consumption data, including the population fractions and subgroups of consumers, the quantities consumed by these individuals, and the processing that occurs before consumption. Here, we provide an analysis of nationally representative consumption estimates by estimating consumption frequencies, serving sizes, and processing forms for a variety of produce commodities based on 1999 through 2006 data from ‘‘What We Eat in America,’’ the dietary interview component of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey performed by the National Center for Health Statistics
Notational Analysis Form
Observational Study of Food Safety Practices in Retail Deli Departments
Notational analysis is an observational method in which a food employee’s actions can be recorded quickly and in the sequence that they occur. The notational analysis technique was initially employed to record the behavior of food employees by Clayton and Griffith (2004), who adapted the technique from the field of sports science.
Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
Consumer Storage Practices for Refrigerated Ready-to-Eat Foods
RTI International, Tennessee State University, and Kansas State University conducted a national survey of U.S. adults using a Web-enabled panel survey approach. The purpose of the survey was to characterize home storage and refrigeration practices for a variety of refrigerated ready-to-eat (RTE) foods and consumers' knowledge and use of open date statements (e.g., "use by" or "sell by") among pregnant women, seniors, and the remaining population. The survey was funded through a grant from the National Integrated Food Safety Initiative of the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture (Grant No. 2004-51110-02177).
Society For Risk Analysis Annual Meeting 2006
T2-I Symposium: Food allergies: Issues in establishing thresholds
Up to 6% of children and 4% of the total US population have IgE-mediated food allergies. Accurate and informative food labeling is critical for these allergic consumers because they need to rely on strict avoidance to prevent potentially serious reactions.
Society For Risk Analysis Annual Meeting 2003
W7 - Symposium: Pathogen Performance Standards: Insight from Risk Assessment and Economics - Sponsored by the Food/Water & Economics Specialty Groups
Growth in international food trade and concern about terrorism has propelled food safety to a high position on many policymakers' lists of important policy issues. However, even in the absence of major trade-related outbreaks, foodborne illness is a costly problem
Identification of Animal Ingredients in Dietary Supplements Database
RTI, under contract with FDA, constructed this database on dietary supplement products sold on the Internet that contain animal ingredients. These ingredients are of interest because of the possibility of transmission of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE).
Research Triangle Instutute
Food and Drug Administration
Food and Drug Administration
Conduct of Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessments by U.S. FDA's CFSAN: Lessons Learned
This document served as a background paper for the Joint FAO/WHO Consultation held in Kiel, Germany on March 18-22, 2002. It discusses FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)'s approach to microbial risk assessment, outlines CFSAN's measures to involve interested parties in the risk assessment process, and discusses lessons learned by CFSAN regarding:
The Role of Quantitative Microbiological Risk Assessment in Risk Management Options Assessment
This document served as a background paper for the Joint FAO/WHO Consultation held in Kiel, Germany on March 18-22, 2002. It discusses the use of quantitative risk assessment in evaluating and comparing options for risk management
Foodborne disease outbreak questionnaire
The Chicago Department of Public Health, with support of the US Food and Drug Administration, has created a telephone questionnaire to be used by departments of public health to gather information that can help establish the relationship between dose of foodborne pathogens and health impacts. The documents below are made available in both html (for viewing) and pdf (for printing). In addition, the questionnaire, in both English and Spanish, is made available as a downloadable Microsoft Word document for editing so that it may be used by departments of public health in outbreaks they may investigate.
Estimation of Listeria monocytogenes transfer coefficients and efficacy of bacterial removal through cleaning and sanitation
Listeria monocytogenes is readily found in the environment of retail deli establishments and can occasionally contaminate food handled in these establishments. Here we synthesize the available scientific evidence to derive probability distributions and mathematical models of bacterial transfers between environmental surfaces and foods, including those during slicing of food, and of bacterial removal during cleaning and sanitizing
Cost of Restrictions on Gulf Oyster Harvesting for Control of Vibrio vulnificus-Caused Disease
Research Triangle Institute (RTI) conducted a study for the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to estimate the costs of a seasonal harvesting restriction on Gulf of Mexico oysters and a seasonal marketing restriction on the sale of Gulf Oysters for raw consumption.
58 FR No. 3 (1993) (NLEA)
Below you will find Word and PDF versions of the Federal Register Part IV released on January 6, 1993. This volume pertains specifically to the Department of Health and Human Services: Food and Drug Administration. All pages were recreated from the original, including text, charts, images and bibliographical references.
Regulatory Impact Analysis of the Proposed Rules to Amend the Food Labeling Regulations
This is a scanned copy of the Federal Register, Vol. 56, No. 229, Wednesday, November 27, 1991, Proposed Rules. It addressed the FDA's regulatory impact analysis of proposed rules to amend the food labeling regulations in response to the 1990 amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. The document includes: background information, discussion of the purpose of the regulatory impact analysis, a description of the proposed action, discussion of market failure, an economic impact analysis, discussion of options considered, and a discussion of international impacts. Numerous tables are included with supporting data.
58 FR No. 3 (1993) (NLEA) - Proposed Regulation
his is the PDF version of the 56 FR No. 229 (1991) (Proposed NLEA) released on November 27, 1991 and preceded the final Federal Register Part IV released on January 6, 1993. This document pertains specifically to the Department of Health and Human Services: Food and Drug Administration. All pages were scanned from the original, including text, charts, images and bibliographical references.